WHAT IS TONGUE & GROOVE CONSTRUCTION?
Tongue and groove is the type of joint construction on wood flooring planks that allow them to easily fit together. One side of the plank has a projection called the tongue while the other side has a groove to match. The panels are laid flat with each tongue fitting into the groove next to it. This allows the planks to interlock seamlessly across the floor.
WHAT IS A CLICK & LOCK CONNECTION?
A click and lock connection is a type of locking wood floor system that have a constructed interlocking system built in. The planks are specifically machined to “click” and “lock” into place when being installed. No seam glue or adhesive necessary as the planks are built to lock in place.
HOW ARE TONGUE & GROOVE FLOORS INSTALLED?
The tongue and groove is can be installed in either a glue down, nail down or floating method. If floating tongue and groove, a seam glue is used to adhere the tongue and groove together.
WHAT IS AN ENGINEERED FLOOR?
Engineered hardwood planks are essentially a sandwich consisting of a specific species of wood on top (generally 1/16” - 1/8”) with a high quality plywood core or high-density fiberboard bottom (HDF). They often come in a click and lock or tongue and groove construction that can be easily floated over your subfloor as well as glued or nailed down. Engineered floors need about 2-3 days to acclimate in the room/home prior to being installed.
WHAT ARE THE BENEFITS OF AN ENGINEERED FLOOR VS A SOLID FLOOR?
Both types of flooring have their pros and cons, so we always recommend speaking with one of our flooring professionals first to determine what fits your needs and style best. Engineered can be installed both above or below grade as engineered flooring is less susceptible to moisture and expansion, versus solid wood floors which can only be installed above grade as they are one solid piece of wood and can only sustain a certain amount of moisture before expansion and movement becomes an issue. Another benefit to Engineered hardwood is they can be installed in almost any fashion. You can glue or nail both engineered and solid hardwood flooring when it comes time for installation, but you can also float engineered floor over most subfloors (as we discuss later a very DIY friendly and cost effective form of installation). This is because engineered floors often come in a click and lock or tongue and groove construction which allow for easy installation and locking. Solid floors take more time to acclimate as well, which if time is an issue for installation, becomes an important factor. Engineered hardwood takes about 2-3 days of acclimation in your home prior to installation whereas solid is 2-3 weeks.
WHAT ARE THE BENEFITS OF AN OIL FINISHED FLOOR?
Oil finishes are great at bringing out the natural beauty of the wood floor. Natural oil finishes are generally made out of vegetable oils and do not contain waxes or aromatic solvents. Instead of coating the top of the floor, the oil is applied to the wood itself and allowed to cure. The low-shine finish allows it to have a more natural appearance. Damages and wear are less noticeable and can be spot-corrected with relative ease, scratches can be smoothed over at the site of damage with an oil-treated towel.
WHAT ARE THE BENEFITS OF AN ALUMINUM OXIDE FLOOR?
One of the most popular finishes today, Aluminum Oxide (Urethane) finishes are considered the most durable. Urethane coating creates a plastic-like shield that is extremely scratch resistant. Everyday wear or damage is generally contained to the finish and rarely to the wood underneath. Though often considered a little harder to repair than Oil finished floors, Aluminum Oxide finished hardwoods are some of the most durable and life-proof floors you can buy.
HOW CAN FLOORING BE INSTALLED?
Floating floor installation can be done on almost any sub floor (wood, OSB, concrete, or even existing floors). The term floating refers to the fact that the planks do not need to be nailed or glued down. Floors that can be floated come in a click and lock or a tongue and groove construction. You need to purchase a wood seam glue that will resist moisture and hold the flooring together. A protective pad or underlayment is generally place underneath a floating floor to limit the transmission of sound when walking and as a protectant against moisture.
Glue-down installation process is when the floor is glued to the subfloor using a special flooring adhesive. From a do-it-yourself standpoint, this is generally considered the hardest of the installations and requires a high skill level. As with with nail down, it is best to have a professional installation crew execute this if you decide to go this route for installing your floors. There are many types of glue that can be used but it is important to get a high quality, waterproof flooring adhesive.
Nail down installation is the process of securing the floor to the subfloor with either nails, staples, or flooring cleats. This method requires significant equipment and a professional installer is generally recommended for these types of installs.
In a click and lock floor the planks are installed with a “click” together method without nailing or gluing down to the subfloor. A click and lock floor is machined to easily snap together, no glue needed.